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Sunday, November 8, 2020

Destruction of Sdom

 The destruction of Sdom.  This opening event starts with Abraham on the third day after the circumcision receives three angelic guests but he calls THEM Lord, not lords.  Later only two arrive to Lot and he calls them Lord as well.  In the first case we have a full beit din, while in the second case we have two witnesses, enough to decree the maximum penalty once every 70 years with a full San Hedrin of 70.  Abraham as Avimelech both plead with God that a righteous person or nation must not be destroyed.  God accepts Abraham’s plea, but gives him a tough-love trial with the execution of his son, which seems like a contradiction.


Abraham establishes the principle that if there are 10 righteous people in a community, it cannot be destroyed.  We later see that the sons of Jacob that decide to murder their brother number 10!  Can the principle of Newton be applied?

“To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction”

 Could it be that this new Law in fact caused havoc??  What if the number had remained at 50?  Or if Abraham has said nothing at all?  Was Avimelek a much better negotiator than Abraham?

What about 400 ₪ that remind us of the 400 years of we imprisonment and torture of a whole nation suffered because of the mistreatment of one man resulting from the temporary lack of faith of another.  Are these two numbers related? At three points people mocked the faith:  1) Sarah, 2) Ishmael, 3) the son-in-laws of Lot

This whole section is a study about faith.  Faith is the first step to wisdom.  Abraham and his wife are not really people of truth or great faith because they lie,  but they are against idolatry, generous and God fearing.  

That’s the basis for civilizations in Israel, Arabia and Europe.

The opposite is the civilization of Sodom.

Monday, November 2, 2020

The Promise

 God promises several times to Abram that he will give ALL the land between the Euphrates and the Nile to his offspring.  He says that no one will ever be able to count the grains of sand, nor his offspring.  He later challenges his to count the stars if he can.  He accepts Abraham’s faith that he will have a son after the age of 99, but Abraham does challenge God following his miraculous victory against the 9 Kings of the area around the Dead Sea.  Abraham wants proof that he will “own” the land between the two rivers.  God asks him to split the animal sacrifices.  That’s where the Oath takes root.  Attached to the 400 years in Egypt will come an Amendment created by Josef (following a precedent by Jacob)

Josef buried Jacob, but the descendants of Jacob must bury Josef, (because Josef is the son of the tears of Rachel)!

Without the fulfillment of the Amendment, God has no obligation to the sons of Jacob.

To the sons of Rachel, no such promise was given, and yet they are pure so they have the rights of the first born, by divine right.

A successful conclusion for ALL the children of Jacob, would be for them to be loyal to their own oath.