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Friday, February 13, 2015

Likutay Halachos on Parshat Mishpatim

HaElohim

Judges are referred to as Elohim, the same term used for Hashem, as it implies stature and authority.[11] Also when a judge is righteous and all his words and rulings are true, the light of Hashem Himself dresses itself in him through his truthfulness, since that is a manifestation of Hashem's light.[12]
Everything in the world, even mundane transactions contain G-dly life force which allows them to exist. For most people this is not evident until the transactions are brought before a Beis Din and are analyzed according to the Torah laws, displaying the concealed elements of G-dliness that they contained all along. Therefore the judges are called 'Elohim' since they make the G-dliness and Torah recognizable in all the mundane transactions that are brought to them (Even in items like crimes, oxan, donkeys, sheep, garments and lost objects).[13]

Laws of LendingTop

It is a positive commandment to lend money to the needy. It is forbidden to charge interest. Collaterals must be returned at time of repayment. Hashem listens to the cries of the exploited.

[Lending Like HashemTop

Hashem sustained the Universe from its creation until the Giving of the Torah out kindness and as a loan that would be repaid once the Jews received the Torah. Even following this, when the Jews sinned it was befitting that Hashem return the world to a state of chaos. It is only through His kindness that He loans us existence and gives us time to pay back our debts that were created through our sins, little by little. So too we have to connect to the ways of Hashem and lend money to the poor without oppressing them, allowing them to pay back when they can, just like Hashem does not oppress us, allowing a very extended period to pay back our debts little by little.[35]

Laws of HelpingTop

One should help all fellow Jews, even his enemies who he has the right to hate due to their sins. Therefore if you see your enemy's donkey lying under its burden you should help him to unload the burden,[36] as long as he takes part in the process. There are times when one can refrain from helping, if he is an elder and it is beneath his dignity to unload a donkey or if the animal belongs to a Gentile and the burden belongs to a Jew.[36]

[Enemy's BurdenTop

According to the Sages the enemy discussed here is a sinner that is allowed to be hated. On a deeper level this section alludes to helping a sinner who is staggering under the weight of his sins. Once might consider ignoring him since it appears too hard to raise him from the burden of his sins. Hashem who is very merciful instructed not to abandon such a soul and one should try helping and raising him with all his might, something which the Tzadik has the power to do. However this only applies if the sinner has desire to help himself. If he has mercy on his soul and is willing to work on his Tikkun, to rid himself of the great burden of his sins but lacks the strength to do so alone, then the Tzadik has a Mitzvah to help him with all his strength. However if the sinner wants to sit by and is not interested at all in rectifying his soul, expecting the Tzadik to do everything for him, with no action on his end, then the Tzadik does not have to get involved. It is not even possible to help a person that has no interest in working on his own rectification since a person with free choice can not be helped without an awakening from inside.[37]
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While on the mountain Nadav , Avihu and the Seventy Elders gaze at the Shichina while eating and drinking, out of over excitement for Hashem[38]

Will Do Then HearTop

In their great desire for Hashem the Jews said they will do before they even heard what was required from them. At the same time they were committing to accept the future instruction of Hashem with complete faith and simplicity and to not delve into the philosophical understandings of the Mitzvot and Ways of Hashem. Only after they have 'done' whatever came out of the mouth of Moshe without asking any questions, will they 'hear' and begin to understand the reasoning for what they are doing, since when one performs the Mitzvos with complete simplicity and happiness he eventually merits to gain understanding of their deeper meanings.[39]

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