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Friday, January 29, 2010

Connection of the 4 Rosh HaShanahs

As mentioned in the beginning of Maseches Rosh HaShanah, there are four Roshei Shonim or Chodoshim - four "New Years" falling out on four different Rosh Chodeshs - that have significant Halachic ramifications - 1 Nissan, 1 Elul, 1 Tishrei, & 1 or 15 Shevat.

Technically, we have five mentioned here, though they are categorized as four. As noted at the end of the first Mishna there, there is a Machlokes between Beis Shammai & Beis Hillel as to when the 4th of the Roshei Shonim take place - 1 Shevat or 15 Shevat respectively.

Knowing the history of Breslov Chasidus, Rabbeinu the founder of Breslov Chasidus and author of the teachings of Likutei Moharan, was born on the FIRST of the Roshei Shonim - the FIRST of Nissan. The last of the four is either 1 Shevat - the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Moshe Breslover, who composed a booklet of teachings from Likutei Moharan based on the letters of the Alef Beis to learn in memory of the departed, hence a full cycle in terms of Likutei Moharan from Rabbeinu to Rabbi Moshe Breslover; or 15 Shevat which is the birthday of Rabbeinu's Talmid Muvhak (main disciple) Rebbe Nosson. Between these two Rabbis - it is their teachings that comprise the teachings of Breslov, noting that all of Rebbe Nosson's teachings are in fact Rabbeinu's teachings, but just in a step closer to the reach of people's knowledge.

Speaking of knowledge, eating fruit on Tu B'Shevat is in fact a Tikkun for the sin of eating from the Eitz Ha'Daas - Tree of Knowledge, according to Kabbala (scroll down to see my blog quoting from Likutei Halachos in reference to Tu B'Shevat). Hence, it is the teachings presented through Rebbe Nosson - the spiritual fruit - that will be the final set of Torah teachings that will rectify the sin of the Eitz Ha'Daas.

Now as we know, the sin of the Eitz Ha'Daas took place on the same day as Odom HaRishon was created - on Rosh Hashana or 1 Tishrei. Thirty days earlier, as a preparation for the big day of Rosh Hashana, is Rosh Chodesh Elul - 1 Elul (NOTE: In today's calendar there are only 29 days in the month of Elul, but Rosh Chodesh Elul begins on 30 Av, hence 30 days before Rosh HaShana). It was on Rosh Chodesh Elul - 1 Elul, that Moshe Rabbeinu came up on Har Sinai with the 2nd Luchos for Hashem to reinscribe the Aseres HaDibros following the shattering of the 1st Luchos due to the sin of the Eigel HaZahav.

Now connecting the last of the dots of the Roshei Shonim, the sin of the Eitz Ha'Daas brought an impurity into the world leading to death. With Matan Torah when the Aseres HaDibros were pronounced by Hashem, this impurity was taken away from Bnei Yisroel, and would have remained living without death had it not been for their sin of the Eigel HaZahav 40 days later when Moshe Rabbeinu came down with the 1st Luchos with the inscription of the Aseres HaDibros. As Moshe shattered the first ones, he carved out new Luchos which he brought up on Har Sinai on 1 Elul. It was on these Luchos that Hashem inscribed the Aseres HaDibros as mentioned in Parshas V'Eschanan (NOTE: scroll down to a latter blog that I wrote mentionining the connection of this Parsha with Odom HaRishon and Tefilla).

While the impurity that led to death was returned upon the sin of the Eigel HaZahav which took place on 17 Tamuz; however, the 2nd Luchos was the beginning process for the ultimate return of goodness to the Jewish people. You see, this version of the Aseres HaDibros in fact consists of 17 more words than the original Aseres HaDibros, bearing in mind that 17 is the Gematria of Tov - good(ness). Also, when you put the words of the date of Tu B'Shevat together, you can read this also as Tov Shevat, the goodness of Shevat!

Now, as the final step of the process of the goodness being returned to Bnei Yisroel that began with the 2nd Luchos of 17 more words, Saba discovered the Petek following his depression which began on 17 Tamuz, and it is this very date that is mentioned in the Petek. Moreover, in the Yiddish part of the Petek, there is a word Biz - Beis Yud Zayin - which means until, that is, Rabbeinu's fire will continue burning UNTIL the coming of Moshicah. Another way of reading this word is B'Yud Zayin "with 17"!

With this being said, now you can see the connection between the four/five dates being the Roshei Shonim. Even though the Halacha does not follow Beis Shammai who say that the Rosh HaShana for trees is on 1 Shevat, this is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Moshe Breslover who compiled teachings of Rabbeinu to be learned in memory of those who have died, hence showing the connection of making a Tikkun in connection with death which was brought through the sins of the Eitz Ha'Daas that took place on 1 Tishrei and the Eigel HaZahav which took place on 17 Tammuz.

May the final Tikkun of the Shir HaGeula of Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman usher in the era when death will be a thing of the past following Techiyas HaMeisim.

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