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Friday, January 29, 2010

Exactly 200 Years Apart

On Shabbos Shira, 15 Shevat 5540 (1780), Rabbi Nosson Sternhartz, main disciple of the founding Rabbi of Breslov Chasidus known as Rabbi Nachman - was born. He would be the one responsible for the writings of Breslov Chasidus, which in the words of Rabbi Nachman, would not have happened if not for Rabbi Nosson. His unique accomplishments included writing a Chasidic commentary on the entire Shulchan Aruch, and composed prayers on every spiritual and physical need.

On Shabbos Shira, 15 Shevat 5740 (1980), Grand Rabbi Simcha Bunim Alter of Gur - the 5th Gerrer Rebbe - started the daily learning of Daf Yomi, daily page of Talmud Yerushalmi, the Jerusalem Talmud. While not widely studed as its counterpart - the Talmud Bavli, the Babylonian Talmud, it is considered a higher and holier form of learning, especially since the content is the teachings of the rabbis who were living in the Holy Land. Presently, there is an ongoing translation of this Talmud both in English and Hebrew (the original language being in Aramaic) from Artscroll http://www.artscroll.com/.

Coincidence? Exactly 200 years apart on Tu B'Shevat from Rebbe Nosson's birth to the beginning of the worldwide study of Talmud Yerushalmi, falling out on the same day of the week - Shabbos Shira of all times - there has to be some type of connection here.

The number 200 is especially significant in Nanach, because the Hebrew word for this number is Mohsayim, which in turn as a word is the Gematria of Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman (491) the Shir Chodosh that Rebbe Nosson mentions especially in connection with Tu B'Shevat where he mentions that at times, this date falls out on Shabbos Shira! It is unique to note that this year when Shabbos Shira also falls out on Tu B'Shevat, it falls out during the 200th year from the passing of Rabbi Nachman.

Noting that this Shabbos Shira/Tu B'Shevat will mark 30 years since the beginning of this public learning of Talmud Yerushalmi, the number 30 is the Gematria of the letter Lamed, cognate of the word Talmud as well as Lilmod U'Lelamed - learning and teaching Torah, the Mitzva of the Torah which is equal to all other Mitzvos of the Torah (which means that one receives eternal reward for each word of Torah learnt or taught which equals all the other Mitzvos!)

It's interesting to note that the Talmud Yerushalmi, though with the name of Yerushalayim, was not composed in Yerushalayim at all, but in Tiveria, the very city in which Saba found the Petek in which the Shir Chodosh is mentioned! However, in honor of Yerushalayim, this Talmud was named after this most holy city in the world.

In a Nanach booklet promoting the concept of Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman B'Yerushalayim, it is noted that the middle words of Shir L'Yom of the beginning Posuk for the Shir Shel Yom of Shabbos - Mizmor Shir L'Yom HaShabbos, are the same letters as Yerushalayim. Hence, the beginning process of the Shir - the Shir Chodosh - which will usher in the Messianic era which is close to the 7th millenium corresponding to Shabbos (see the end of Maseches Tamid where the source of the Shir Shel Yom is mentioned ending of with Shabbos Menucha L'Chayei HaOlamim - the eternal Shabbos of rest), began in Tiveria and has/will conclude(d) in Yerushalayim.

As a side note, we are presently in the 43rd year from the liberation of Yerushalayim which included the Temple Mount and Western Wall, the holiest area in the world on 28 Iyar 5727/1967, on the 43rd day of the Sefira. Noting the two mentions of 43 year in connection with Yerushalayim, the first two letters of the word Gemara, the other word for Talmud, are also the letters for the number 43 in Hebrew.

The name for Deutronomy - Sefer Devarim - which represents the concept of Torah She'b'Al Peh as the Talmud, as this Sefer consists of Moshe Rabbeinu delivering over the Torah in his sermons through word of mouth, is the Gematria of Yerushalayim/Yerushalmi (596), and this Sefer consists of 11 Parshiyos. Now, add this to the word Talmud which is the Gematria of 480, and presto! The Gematria of Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman!

And yes, noting that this Shabbos Shira/Tu B'Shevat - the FINAL one of the four Rosh Hashanahs - will mark 230 years since the birth of Rebbe Nosson, 230 is the Gematria of the word Miketz, the name of the Parsha of which the beginning took place on Rosh HaShanah of Pharaoh's dreams and Yosef HaTzadik solving them leading him to head Egypt and ultimately sustaining his family, the ancestors of the future Jewish people. Miketz is cognate of the word Ketz, which means end in the sense of the end or FINAL phase of Golus, and the beginning of our Geula, which will be ushered by the Shir HaGeula, the FINAL of the 10 Shiros - Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman!

1 comment:

Gematria Scholar said...

Thanks for this really interesting post, and especially the information about Hebrew Gematria and the meaning of 230.