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Thursday, November 5, 2009

"Give a portion to seven, and also to eight" (Koheles 11:2)

In the story of the Petek, it was on the 7th day from Saba's depression starting on 17 Tamuz that he discovered the Petek - 23 Tamuz. Following this, he danced the whole night of 24 Tamuz - the eight day from 17 Tamuz.

In a similar vein, the decree that is signed for a person on Yom Kippur is mailed out on the 7th day of Succot - Hoshana Rabba, related to the concept of a Petek, described in more detail in Likutei Moharan 1-22. Following this, we dance on Shemini Atzeres/Simchas Torah, and though we finish reading the Torah only in the daytime, we dance also on the night of this Yom Tov, the 8th day from Succos, as the name Shemini Atzeres is supposed to indicate, though it is technically a different Yom Tov.

Similarly, Hoshana Rabba is called such, as the word Hoshana is comprised of two words - Hosha Na. Na is the Gematria of 51, as this day is the 51st day from Rosh Chodesh Elul, starting the period of Teshuva. The Arizal says that the letters of Elul begin the words "Ina L'Yado V'Samti Lecha" from the Posuk (Shemos 21:13) that mentions that one Jew who kills another Jew accidentally escapes to a city of refuge. Hence, doing Teshuva is the ultimate escape from continued sinning and punishment.

Along these lines, the Petek is an encouragement of performing Avodas Hashem, which consists of 51 words, the ultimate information on the escape from sin and punishment. Hence, Saba discovered this Petek on the 7th day from 17 Tamuz, which is comparable to Hoshana Rabba, the 7th day from Succos, and the 51st day from the beginning of Elul. Read my next blog for more details as it pertains to the number 51, and also check out my blogspot - (#51), which in addition to mentioning more about the concept of the number 51 in terms of escaping, also has more mention about the Petek.

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