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Monday, July 14, 2008

Eat don't cram

Rabbainu says in Likutay Moharan (Tora 277: ודע שעקר כבוד שבת היא האכילה, כמו שכתוב: אכלוהו היום, כי אכילת שבת יקרה מאד, כי הוא כלו אלהות, כלו קדש, וכמבאר, ועל כן מצוה גדולה להרבות בסעדת שבת, והוא תקון לחלול שבת, כי מחלול שבת אי אשפר לזהר, כי בקל אפשר להכשל בחלול שבת, חס ושלום. והתקון הוא על ידי האכילה של שבת) 'Know that the main way of honoring the Shabbos is eating etc. and eating is a rectification of the violation of Shabbos, because it is impossible to be vigilant from profaning Shabbos, because quite easily it is possible to blunder in violating Shabbos - heaven forbid. So the rectification is accomplished by the eating'.
These words are mamash givald, contrast them to what is being said in the litvish circles, that if a person isn't completely knowledgeable in all the rule of Shabbos he will forsure violate the Shabbos therefore one must learn and study the laws of Shabbos constantly and vigilantly or else heaven forbid he will be held responsible for the violation of the Shabbos.
Rabbainu doesn't agree to their 'chuchmos' and philosophies. Rabbainu says that matter isn't based on how much you know or how accountable you are, it is just a given that it is almost impossible for the Shabbos not to be violated in some form, and G-d compensated for this by lending His G-dliness to the eating of Shabbos, which fully glorifies the Shabbos and repairs any harm that was done from any invariant violation. Rabbainu's adherence to Halacha is known, and which Nanach does not follow Rabbainu's dictate to study at least two Halachos a day, however the solution is not to cram information and study assiduously (erroneously) and become overcome by stringencies and the like, but to look past the details and realize G-d who is behind them.
This, in my humble opinion, is a recurring way taught by our Master Na Nach Nachmu Nachmun MayUman. One must do what he can, but never G-d forbid to get caught up in what it is he's doing, rather to exticize in the knowledge that all is in the Good hands of G-d. Like the story of the fixer, who did his fixing part of the day, and then he would party each night.
The main thing is to say Na Nach Nachmu Nachmun MayUman!

13 comments:

Spiritual Dan said...

I don't understand the moral of your story... are you committed to observing shabbat or aren't you?

Anonymous said...

It is true that a person can be a tzadik without being a scholar (see the end of this post). But Rebbe Nachman also emphasized quantitative learning.

Sichos HaRan #76:

"We heard that the Rebbe once said that he studied all the four sections of the Shulchan Arukh three times. The first time he understood its simple meaning. The second time he was able to trace the Talmudic source of each law. The third time he understood the Kabbalistic significance of each law and its relationship to the transcendental worlds. From the way it was told, we understood that the Rebbe did this in his youth. We knew that he later reviewed the Shulchan Arukh many times.

This was the Rebbe's way. He literally drank in knowledge. This was even true toward the end of his life, when he suffered greatly from tuberculosis. He may have been very active in community affairs. He may have spent hours with us, offering us advice and teaching us how to approach God. His mind may have constantly been soaring in the highest ethereal realms. Still, he would spend considerable time each day in simple study.

With all this, the Rebbe was never pressed for time. He was always calm and relaxed. It is absolutely impossible to describe his unique serenity. Because of it, he had time for all things.

The Rebbe always studied quickly. In a single hour he could go through several pages of the Shulchan Arukh with all its major commentaries. On a page of Orach Chaim he would include the Taz, the Magen Avraham, the Beer HaGolah, the Pri Chadash and the Ateret Zekeinim. He would study their counterparts in the other sections of the Shulchan Arukh.

He once told us that in the morning between the time the congregation began to assemble and the time they began worshipping, he would go through at least four pages of the Shulchan Arukh. This was true of everything the Rebbe studied. Whether it was the Talmud or the codes, the Rebbe literally flew through the pages.

Many times the Rebbe told us that it is best to study a subject rapidly and not spend time on each detail. Study with speed and simplicity. Understand each thing in its own context and do not confuse yourself with its relation to other subjects. If you do not understand a concept, do not spend too much time on it. Go further, and in most cases, you will eventually comprehend the first thing as well.

The Rebbe said that when you study, you need only read the words aloud and in order. Then you will automatically understand. Do not confuse yourself by trying to understand everything at once. You will have much difficulty and end up understanding nothing.

Concentrate on your studies, read the words in order and with enthusiasm. Understanding will then come of itself. What you do not understand at first, you will comprehend later. Even if there are things you never understand, the quantity outweighs all else.

The Talmud teaches us: "Learn everything and then seek understanding" (Shabbat 63a). You must read the words even if you do not understand them completely. It is written, "My soul broke through with desire" (Psalms 119:20). The Talmud says that the surface must be broken, but the depths need not be explored (Avodah Zarah 19a). One need only read the words, even if he does not understand.

When you study quickly, you will absorb a great quantity. You will be able to review each volume many times. What you do not understand at first will appear simple the second or third time. You will eventually understand all that is possible.

The Rebbe spoke about this so often that everything cannot be recorded. But what we have quoted here is excellent advice. Follow this path and you will complete many volumes. You will have a better comprehension than one who tries to understand everything the first time. A person who is overly precise can become very confused. Often he will abandon his studies completely and end up with nothing.

Accustom yourself to learn quickly, without too much attention to detail. You will then be worthy of learning in quantity. You will be able to complete the Talmud, the Codes, the Bible, the Midrash, the mystical books of the Zohar, the Kabbalah and all the other sacred works.

We have already mentioned that it is good for a person to complete all books concerning the Torah in his lifetime. The Rebbe once reckoned all that one must study each day if he has the time. You should study enough each day so that at the end of a year you will have completed the entire Talmud with the Rif and Rosh, the four large Shulchan Arukhs, all the Midrashim, all the books of the Zohar, Tikuney Zohar, Zohar Chadash and all the Kabbalistic writings of the Ari.

Besides this, you should spend some time each day studying in depth. You should also say the Psalms each day, as well as many additional prayers. Even all this does not exhaust the Rebbe's list.

At that time the Rebbe also spoke at length, telling us to study quickly and eagerly, without confusion and attention to detail. The Rebbe also told us to not review each thing immediately. He advised us to complete each volume as rapidly as possible from beginning to end and then to review the entire work as a whole.

The Rebbe also told us not to be anxious if we could not complete everything he suggested each day. One can be a religious Jew even without that much study.

He also said that one can be a tzaddik even without being a scholar. Deep perception cannot be attained without Talmudic scholarship, but even the simplest Jew can be a tzaddik. "You are not obligated to complete the job, but neither are you not free to desist from it." (Avot 2:16)"

Anonymous said...

Moshe Na Nach says;
Hi! Liked what you wrote, it is very refreshing. Just to add a little depth. The rule is; Rabbenu helps to bring tikkun where noone else can.
It is worth delving to understand why eating is the tikkun to profananity of shabbos? What came to my mind is simply, eating shabbos food turns the body into shabbos and therefore turns the body back to holiness. This is amazing chiddush like everything else. If we apply this chiddush further in the idea of Na Nach, it is even more amazing. For example anyone that transgresses, either Idol worshipping, immoral cohabitation, or even killing someone, through Na Nach everything can be atoned. Just like eating Shabboos food attones for profanity of shabbos, similarly intaking Na Nach transforms the body into complete holiness. This is only if one does teshuva....
Moshe Na Nach

Anonymous said...

Moshe Na Nach answering the annonymous scholar.If you would've seen Sabba you would know what serenity of Rabbenu means. Sabba or Rabbenu never throws things or obligates people to do anyhtiing. Sabba would only talk divrei hizuk,and bring simcha. The lowedt person would feel the highest and the highest (haughty person-i.e. like you) would feel the lowest.
Sabba was pro kissur sholchan aruch, kissur likutei moharan, kissur tefilot (which he wanted someone to undertake). Sabba understood today's society needs to raise the broken souls and make them feel they are the best, te highest...
All I can say to this anonymous is break off from the shakranim that are teaching you to serve Idol worship and profaning Rabbenu's name. Stop being a donkey like your leaders and follow Sabba who has the true light of Rabbenu...

mojo said...

is it really a good idea to belittle the shakranim so much? so publicly?

aren't they great rabbis?

i think we should recognize their scholarship at the same time that we recognize their limited understanding of breslove.

Anonymous said...

Hey Mojo! If you like galut and gehinom, than continue following these chamorim, who have no connection to torah, they are as good as Moslems, Christians…. According to Tikkunei Zohar page 51b, the one who reveals the song, the ten types of song can redeem the torah Tefilla and souls of Israel. The torah acc. To Tractate Shabbos 138b, is forgotten, people use torah for personal benefit.
Ramban end of parashat Bo; states whoever does not believe in the entirety of torat Moshe, is not connected to torah i.e. Oz yashir Moshe, Moshe will sing the ten letter song of the geula…These so called leaders wont abnegate to the truth, cause they look for honor and money. Rabbi Feinstein was a truth seeker and admitted the petek is true, that there are sources backing up the authenticity.
moshe na nach

Anonymous said...

Don't let all these Na Nachs talk to you this way. Although Na Nach is the key to the redemption and the root of the whole world some Na Nachs are still just out for their own honor and are what you would call fake Na Nachs, like what they call fake Rabbis. The main thing is to be happy together and love each other with the Tzadik R'Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman

mojo said...

dear moshe,
who says follow the chamorim? all i'm saying is some of these chamorim are "jewish", some are "learned", some have payos, and eventually we're going to have to help them do t'shuva.

Anonymous said...

Hey Elimelech Levine, nice to see you posting - but why anonymously? Is it because real Nanach's can't have their name mentioned?

Anonymous said...

Some Na Nachs do things in the name of Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman and not in their own name.

Anonymous said...

Hi MoJo! On purim you're suppose to get drunk until you do not know the difference between haman and Mordecai. The reason is because there are a lot of Haman's out there dressed like Mordecai; the Zohar calls them Jewish devils. The Gemara says the grandchildren of Haman are in Bnei Brak. The CHida says bnei brak is the numerical value of the satan. Rabbi Chaim Vital in his preface to Eitz Chaim, pounds the roshei Yeshivos that look to build buildings and make themselves a name….He sites the source in the name of the Zohar. Be Wary, they shouldn't sap your energy. When you are in a war you can't have mercy on those that want to kill you.
Moshe na nach

Anonymous said...

there is so little time to save the world, why be busy with donkeys?

Anonymous said...

Dear Anonymous,
(JulY 18), We are fighting the Satan and he has a lot of Messengers. these messengers today are disguised with beautiful buildings and seforim. We are not here to save the world but ourselves. If a person is looking for emes than you have to tell these roshei yeshivos are out for honor and money. the zohar mentions this, Rav Chaim Vital...
By the way the police, three months ago, went to Rav Elazar Abuchasera with a court order to check the safe in his house. They confiscated 100,000,000 dollars. To bad he did not change the dollars to euros, he lost a lot of money.
Moshe Na NAch