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Tuesday, August 1, 2006

CONFESSION: Sefer Hamedot

CONFESSION:

SECOND BOOK:

1. Through confession, one causes G-d to bring teachers of children that teach with faith.

2. This also causes the impediments in the roads to be fixed.

3. Through confession, one merits to leadership.

4. One who does not confess his sins, fear comes upon him.

Note: Sefer Hamedot - Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

CLOTHES: Sefer Hamedot

CLOTHES:

1. The clothes of a man hint at his character traits.

2. One who goes barefoot, it is certain that he is a sinner.

3. As a result of brazenness, and false oaths, one is punished through his clothes.

4. One who does not take care not to look at his father's nakedness, in the end his children will go naked and barefoot.

5. One who eats before prayer is punished through his clothes.

6. Due to arrogance, one is punished through his clothes.

7. One who tempts his friend from the right path to the wrong one will consequently not have enough clothing to wear.

8. One who testifies in favor of non-Jews is punished through his clothing.

9. In the future, the Holy One Blessed be He will be avenged on those who dressed in the clothing of non-Jews.

10. Someone who goes in torn clothing due to poverty, his repair is to weep before the Blessed L-rd.

11. All who treat clothes with disrespect, in the end they will not benefit from them.

12. One who makes a garment for a poor person will be saved from humiliations.

13. One who is wary not to embarrass any man, merits garments.


SECOND BOOK:

1. Through stories of the Righteous, the light of the Mashiach is drawn into the world, and much darkness and troubles are dispelled from the world, and one also merits to attractive clothing.

2. One who is accustomed to cursing others will not have clothes for Shabbat.

3. One who always beautifies his legs with fine garments, for example, very beautiful shoes or pants, comes to deceive others.

4. One who is negligent in the commandment of tzitzit does not merit to be buried.

5. One who makes clothing for another can change the will of the other in any way he wants, both materially and spiritually.

6. When a man dresses in the clothes of his father, it is easy for him to live by the traits of his father.

7. (Translate this accurately, Mishlei 9:5) -- the initials spell Lulav (palm branch). "With wine" (including the count of the letters), comes to the same Gematria as the initials of Etrog, Hadas, Arava ( , myrtle, willow). "Masachti (translate) -- the aspect of Sukkot. Through the commandment of taking the Four Species and through the Sukkah, a man merits to food, drink and clothing, and also that his soul will receive life-force. Through the sukkah one merits to clothing, as in the passage "Fragrant clouds are His garment (Iyov 38:9)". Through the willow one merits to drink, through the myrtle one merits to give life to the soul, and through the lulav and the etrog one merits to eating, for they have fruits, which are a form of food.


Note: Sefer Hamedot - Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

CODIFIERS OF THE LAW: Sefer Hamedot

CODIFIERS OF THE LAW:

SECOND BOOK:

1. Through learning the teachings of the Codifiers until one knows enough to pass over the teachings (check translation), through this one causes several barren women to conceive.

2. Through studying the Shulchan Aruch (the primary book of Jewish law), one comes to Awe.

3. Learning of the Codifiers annuls thoughts of idol worship.

4. When some wicked one rises in power, it becomes difficult to derive new teachings from the Codifiers. Also due to this, the words of the judges are not heeded by the litigants.


Note: Sefer Hamedot - Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

CHILDREN: Sefer Hamedot

CHILDREN:

1. Anyone who cries and mourns over an upright man, merits to raise his children.

2. One must guard a baby that its head should be covered.

3. A man does not need to worry about the income of his children. For as they grow, their income grows with them.

4. One who causes his friend to neglect the commandment to have children, will go to the netherworld childless.

5. One who pressures his wife into doing a good deed, she will have children who are not worthy.

6. A woman who bleeds excessively, her birthing pains will be more steeped in depression.

7. A daughter of a Cohen (Priestly class) who marries an Israel, and a daughter of a Torah scholar who marries one without education, will not have children.

8. Fasting on Thursdays is an segulah for raising children.

9. The modesty of a woman merits her to have upright children.

10. Through the joy of the festivals, and through the proper donning of tefillin, one's wife will give birth to sons.

11. Sometimes, when one does not have children, and others pray for him that he will, he dies.

12. Through not upholding one's vows, one's children die.

13. Change of place causes one to have children.

14. Grown children do not die for the sins of their fathers. But in a place where the Name of G-d is profaned, even grown children die.

15. One who eats meat and drinks wine will have healthy children.

16. One who looks at the heel of a woman, and at his wife when she is in her days of impurity, he will have unworthy children.

17. One who lives ten years in the land of Israel and does not have children, he should leave, for perhaps he did not merit to be established by it.

18. What should a man to do merit sons? He should marry a woman who is fitting to him, sanctify himself at the time of marital relations, and ask the One to whom all sons belong.

19. Each one who conceives, he conceives in his own image.

20. A man should beware not to cut down a tree before its time, for this harms the raising of his children.

21. All who strive to give charity, merit to have sons who are great in wealth, wisdom and learning (?)

22. What should a man do to have children? He should spread his wealth to the poor, and cheer his wife before relations with her.

23. Just as it is forbidden to murder a man, so it is forbidden to cut down a fruit tree before its time.

24. Yoav, who did not leave a son in his stead, his death is described with the language of death. David, who left a son in his stead, his death is described with the language of laying to rest.

25. One who has a daughter first, the evil eye will not have power over (?).

26. One who raises an orphan in his home is as if he gave birth to him.

27. One who teaches his friend's son Torah is as if he gave birth to him.

28. Forty days before the creation of the fetus, one should pray that his wife will give birth to a son.

29. One who contemplates sexual thoughts, his wife also comes to have such thoughts. And when a woman has sexual thoughts, evil forces come to her in a dream, and through this her children die.

30. One who is adulterous, his wife will commit adultery on him.

31. One who burns his friend's crops will not leave a son to inherit him.

32. A woman who has had miscarriages -- at the time of birth, place an apple on her head.

33. One who takes upon himself to do a good deed, and does not finish it, buries his wife and children.

34. One who marries a woman for the sake of money, will have unworthy children, and will lose the money in a short time.

35. One who is involved in learning Torah and acts of kindness will merit to many children.

36. Children do not die for the sins of their fathers, unless they commit the same sins themselves.

37. Marital relations during pregnancy are beneficial to the fetus, to beautify it and speed its development, and that it should have a fine form and strength.

38. One who does not have children should go into exile.

39. Someone who competes with his friend's income, is as if he committed adultery with his friend's wife.

40. When a man is delivered into the hands of his enemies, it is as if he lost his children.

41. Someone who has sexual relations with a black woman or a male, or who had contemplations of idol worship, he will not have a son who is a Torah scholar, and if his son does learn, he will forget.

42. Good children are a great healing to their fathers.

43. Through falsehood, one's children die.

44. One who does not separate from his wife in her days of impurity, even if he should have children like those of Aharon, they will die. In contrast, one who does separate from his wife at that time, he will have sons who are fitting to be educated. (?)

45. One who does havdalah on wine at the closing of the Shabbat, will have male children who are fitting to be educated.

46. One who sanctifies himself in marital relations through conducting himself modestly will have sons.

47. One should be very careful that one's child not be nursed by an evil woman. For milk contaminates and milk purifies.

48. Chulant (a stew traditionally eaten on Shabbat) and oil give health to the fetus.

49. Someone who does not hold himself back from urinating, his prayers on behalf of his children will be heard.

50. The fetus develops according to the form of the parents.

51. Evil habits in a person's house are worse than the War of Gog and Magog (A war of immense proportions that will take place before the Redemption, according to prophecy).

52. One should come early to synagogue, before the dawn, and the life of his children will be lengthened.

53. (Translate)

54. Through Channukah and the candles of Shabbat, one's children will be Torah scholars.

55. (Translate)

56. Through the sins of false oaths, ceasing from Torah study, faulty mezuzot, faulty tzitzit, and causeless hatred, one's children die at a young age.

57. Someone who gives a tenth of his income, his children are saved from the sickness of "sampka" (?).

58. The Children of the House of Rabban suffer for the sins of the generation.

59. Through smelling myrtle on Shabbat, one merits to children who will be Torah scholars.

60. A bride's bathing before the wedding ceremony is an segulah against miscarriage.

61. According to how a man eats, so will be his children.

62. One whose sons die, he should not have marital relations during the week, only on Shabbat.

63. The drawing of a bow on Lag b'Omer is an segulah for children. Also, praying before the pulpit with melody is an segulah for children.

64. One must teach a child proper behavior from a young age.

65. The songs and praises that one expresses before dawn are an segulah for children. It is also helpful for a woman lacking milk, and for an evil woman who is bad-tempered.

66. One who belittles himself before his rabbi and tells him all his doubts, even though his rabbi embarrasses him for it -- through this, he will merit to have a child who is a greater scholar than his rabbi.

67. One who accepts suffering with love will merit to children who will live long.

68. The acts of G-d (acts of a name?) follow after the name of a man, for (check translation)

69. One who raises his voice in order to glorify himself through it, his children come to be kidnapped.

70. One lacking children should be regular in the use of oil.

71. Sometimes, by abandoning one's dwelling, one's children survive.

72. Through pursuing peace, one saves his children from death and exile.

73. Someone who does something, and afterwards it becomes a stumbling block for others, good is denied to his children.

74. Sometimes, because of the intensity of the love between a man and his wife, she does not conceive.

75. Usually, when a woman who was barren conceives, she has a son.

76. Through practicing fraud, one's children die.

77. A tzaddik possesses the power to curse a man, that his children will not be worthy.

78. One who hosts the Tzaddik in his home is blessed with children.

79. One who longs to do a good deed and does not merit to do it, will merit to children who will inherit his greatness, and will eventually do that good deed.

80. One who withholds someone's income, his children will eventually die.

81. A magnet is an segulah for children.

82. As a result of being involved with impure names or sorcery, or believing in them, one's children die.

83. When a man and his wife wash their hands and give charity before relations, through this they remove the spirit of impurity from the children they conceive.

84. There are women who raise only girls, and not boys.

85. Saying the scriptural passages about tzitzit with all one's heart and with great awe, and also clothing the naked, merits one to have male children.

86. A year in which the crops are blessed is also a sign that the Jews will be fruitful in children.

87. A woman who deals in witchcraft, her children will die and she will become widowed.

88. A nursing woman who is lacking in milk, her husband should mourn over Jerusalem.

89. Blows to one's sons come through falseness. Location can also be a cause.

90. One who gives joy to a bride and groom will merit that his wife have sons.

91. Also through being careful with the Shabbat candles, one merits sons.

92. A year with abundant rain is a sign that in that year, many sons will be born.

93. A man and his wife who curse themselves will not raise their children.

94. A segulah for raising children: Plant a variety of crop, and when you harvest it, give it to the poor, and do not benefit from it yourself.

95. One who casts unnecessary fear upon his generation will not have wise children.

96. One who does not have mercy on his children, it is clear that he does not possess holy intelligence.

97. One who does not review his learning and forgets it, through this, his children die.

98. Through sexual immorality, one will not raise children.

99. The name Elo-kah (a name of G-d), gives protection to one's children.

100. One who strives to give an income to seekers of G-d will merit that his children not be drawn into evil ways.

101. Through faith in the tzaddikim, one's children live and prosper.

102. When a male child comes into the world, kindness comes to the world.

103. One who gives grief to his father and mother, through this he will not merit raising sons.

104. One who pursues peace will merit seeing his childrens' children.

105. Damage to a door or a window is a sign of weakness in one's children.

106. Contention is a bad sign for having children, and peace is a good sign.

107. When a father has a bad temper, his children will be fools.

108. Through respecting one's father, one merits to male children.


SECOND BOOK:

1. One who suffers in the raising of his children should read the Biblical passages describing the Creation. Also, through this reading, one is saved from the curse of robbery.

2. Humbling oneself is a segulah for children.

3. (check translation) is damaging to the growth of the fetus.

4. Making efforts to free hostages is a segulah for giving birth.

5. The saying of the ma'amadot is helpful for having children.

6. A woman whose children die from the disease called sampkah, that is, zedushin, she should wash their bodies in oil, and then burn this oil afterwards when doing a ritual immersion.

7. One whom the many rise against, and challenge the veracity of his faith, and he defends himself with words that are well received, will merit having many children, and the world will be filled with his seed.

8. The letter hey (fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet) made out of silver, is a segulah for many children.

9. Sometimes the construction of the house prevents a woman from conceiving, as when the beams are not placed according to their order from the Six Days of Creation. In such a case, the house is as if it were destroyed, even though it is standing. This destruction comes and harms the woman, and she does not conceive.

10. One must look for a mohel who is righteous and G-d fearing. For when the mohel is not fitting, it can happen that the child will not be able to conceive when he is grown. Also, when the mohel is not fitting, the child can come, G-d forbid, to suffer from "falling disease".

11. One who has a son who is involved in studying the Torah, it is as if his father lives on.

12. The milk of a righteous woman is good for a child's fear of Heaven, and also gives him rule over this world.

13. Death of one's children, G-d forbid, comes through one's destroying the faith of his friend.

14. When there is peace in a country's government, the Jews give birth to master teachers.

15. One who guards himself, and also the time of sexual relations, that they be balanced -- that is to say, that he or the time be neither too hot nor too cold -- through this, his children will be great in wisdom.

16. One who has control over his desires, his children will not be drawn to evil ways, and through this, his money is blessed, and through this, he will not be put to a test.

17. Even a righteous woman who is not of respected lineage will have children who are unworthy.

18. In a time when there is an abundance of wheat in the world, it is a sign that males will be born. In a time when there is an abundance of wine, it is a sign for the birth of females.

19. One who does not have male children, should accustom himself to bring gifts to Torah scholars, and say the paragraph about the first-fruit offering. Also, he should increase his study of Talmud, and minimize his study of Aggadah, for studying Aggadah is a segulah for having girls.

20. Through learning the Halachic codifiers, until one is able to render decisions, through this one causes several barren women to conceive.

21. Sometimes, through being held in prison, one is saved from being barren of children.

22. Through charity one merits children.

23. A woman who is having difficulty giving birth, should hang the keys to the cemetery on her neck. Also, this key is a segulah for becoming pregnant.

24. Children die, G-d forbid, through the spilling of one's seed.

25. There are trees which hinder birth and raising children, when their wood is used to make one's bed. Conversely, there are trees which cause birth and raising children.

26. Parents who have lost children at a young age, the mother should make for her child a coat, that he should wear always until he matures.

27. When the Jews are fruitful and multiply, the non-Jewish nations renew harsh decrees upon them.

28. Self-mortification is helpful for giving birth.

29. Thorns are helpful for giving birth.

30. Someone who is born circumcised, it is certain that his imagination is good and pleasant.

Note: Sefer Hamedot - Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

CHASTISEMENT: Sefer Hamedot

CHASTISEMENT:

1. One who chastises must give his reproof by connecting his speech to its root, and through this his words will be accepted.

2. Do not chastise a Jew who adopts a foreign religion, for it will be of no avail.

3. Through not accepting chastisement, one's home is destroyed.

4. One who chastises the world without wisdom, causes a great exile, G-d forbid, and increases the severity with which the world relates to the Jews.

5. A person should never exclude himself from the universal standards.

6. Due to the punishment for the lack of chastisement, G-d retracts from the good He had resolved to do (literally, the good that issued from His mouth).

7. When you know that people will not accept your chastisement, let them be.

8. One who fears chastising others, in the end G-d breaks him in front of them.

9. Someone who is in a position to warn and does not, his friend's punishment also comes upon him.

10. Through giving charity, one merits to receive moral edification.

11. One who does not accept moral edification is judged with a death sentence.

12. Through the chastisement one gives, he merits to rest in the grave without the pains of Hell, and merits Heaven.

13. It is permitted to push away with both hands, one who did not accept chastisement from you.

14. As long as there is chastisement in the world, satisfaction, good and blessing come to the world.

15. Through chastisement, judgments are sweetened, and kindness is drawn down.


SECOND BOOK:

1. One who has not reached a high level of righteousness, and also does not have ancestral merit, yet wants to draw people to the service of G-d, should guard himself from tests, and especially that the wicked should not envy him.

2. One who draws people to the service of G-d, blessings are entrusted in his hand.

3. One who listens to chastisement and does not accept it, he should know that he will need to borrow from others. A sign for this is: "A slave will not be influenced by words (Mishlei 29:19)" and "A borrower becomes a slave to the one who lent to him (Mishlei 22:7)".

4. It is impossible to throw words (of chastisement) at another from a distance. One must bring the other into the aspect of "pregnancy" first.

5. When people come out to honor an important man, the ten sentences with which the world was created are aroused. This is done also through drawing the far close to G-d.


Note: Sefer Hamedot - Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

CHARITY: Sefer Hamedot

CHARITY:

1. All the charity and kindness that the Jewish People do in this world (creates) great peace and testifiers of Israel's righteousness to their Father in Heaven.

2. Great is charity, in that it brings the Redemption near.

3. And it saves from death.

4. And receives the Divine Presence.

5. And causes G-d to extend loans.

6. And raises a person's fortune.

7. And the one who extends it is called a complete tzaddik (righteous person).

8. Through charity, one becomes able to avoid evil.

9. It is more incumbent to provide food to those who study the Torah than to those who do not. However, from the standpoint of halachah (religious law), one should not differentiate.

10. When one extracts stolen goods from the hands of his fellowman, it is as if he had given charity.

11. A compromise is a legal judgment wherein there is charity.

12. One who gives charity to a poor person who is not worthy is not rewarded for it.

13. It is necessary for one to give thanks to one who gives to him, and he should not assume that the giver did not give from out of his own possessions.

14. Charity has the importance of all the other commandments together.

15. The deed is greater than the one who does it.

16. Every coin of charity one gives is added together into one large sum.

17. One who gives charity in a hidden manner is greater than Moshe.

18. One who gives a coin to a poor person is blessed sixfold, and one who placates him is blessed elevenfold.

19. One who pursues opportunities to give charity, G-d grants him money, upright people to whom to give it, and he merits to children who become wealthy, great in wisdom and masters of Aggadah (legendary tales based on the Torah).

20. On Rosh ha Shana, it is decided how much money a man will lose. If he merits, the money is given to the poor.

21. Jerusalem is redeemed through charity.

22. Through charity, Acha'av was forgiven half of his sins.

23. Hosting guests protects one from the sin of idol worship.

24. Great is hospitality, in that it distances those close to one, and brings near those who are distant.

25. One who invites a non-Jew into his house and serves him, causes his children to be exiled.

26. When the Jewish people do not give charity, the government passes harsh decrees and confiscates their money.

27. One should give charity with both hands, and his prayer will be heard.

28. Through generosity, you will have a renewal.

29. Through charity one comes to faith.

30. One who goes out to do acts of charity, he causes rage to subside from the world.

31. Also, he merits to truth.

32. Through charity, you will have children, and there will be peace between them.

33. Through charity, fruits proliferate.

35. In a time of trouble, the charity one did is recalled.

36. Through the charity you give, officials and kings will also have peaceful relations with you.

37. Through charity, a person will not know from violence, robbery and breakdown.

38. Through charity, a person merits to grace.

39. One who speaks to people, urging them to give charity, he causes salvation to increase.

40. When there is not someone in a city to support the needy, fire comes upon it.

41. In the merit of charity, one is saved from pride.

42. Faith is reckoned as charity.

43. Through charity given for the sake of Heaven, one comes to the quality of shame.

44. Through generosity, one comes to love the tzaddikim.

45. One who steals from the poor, humiliation comes to him.

46. One who gives charity is as if he offered a sacrifice.

47. Through charity, rain comes.

48. Through charity, the Jews are spared being banished from their place.

49. When people give charity, the fruits are blessed and there is peace in the world.

50. Through truth, the charity you do is noted above.

51. Charity protects the descendants of a man.

52. Praying for one's friend is reckoned as charity.

53. One who is financially well-off, and in spite of it, he is miserly toward the poor, when they approach and beg; also, one who helps in the funding of a venture, and the workers repay his investment, and when he sees that they are profiting and have abundance, he is irked by this due to his miserliness -- to these refer the passages beginning "In the fulfillment of his needs" until "This is the portion of a wicked man" (Iyov 20:22-29).

54. One who does kindness to those who love G-d, through this he repairs the Spoiling of the Covenant (refers to sexual transgressions).

55. In the merit of the poor, we (the Jewish People) are saved from the nations.

56. When you do a good deed, be sure that the deed not be done freely, but that you pay the full expense.

57. Due to the sin of not giving the proper tithes, the heavens are sealed and the prices rise.

58. The joy one feels in giving charity is a sign of a full heart.

59. Give charity when you find those to whom it is fitting to give, and there is also enough for you, and an amount remains with you at the time of your passing.

60. All who give their gifts to a specific Cohen (one of the Priestly tribe) instead of to the Cohanim in general, brings famine to the world.

61. One who fills the pockets of a Torah scholar, merits to sit in the Yeshiva Above.

62. Charity is greater than all the sacrificial offerings.

63. Doing acts of kindness is greater than giving charity.

64. If you should err and say, that anyone who jumps up to give charity, he is provided the money to give, and also upright needy people are brought to him -- the Torah says, "How precious", meaning one needs to strive and chase after them, for the upright poor are not easily found.

65. Charity has two variations: One who has little but gives generously, and one who is wealthy, but does not give excessively.

66. One who has his own income, but does not want to spend from it, and accepts help from others -- know that he will be penalized after his death, by becoming a slave to the one from whom he accepted.

67. Even though one gives charity, it can be that he will lose his wealth nevertheless.

68. All who avert their eyes from a request to give charity, it is as if they worshipped idols.

69. All who give a portion of their possessions to charity are spared the judgment of Hell.

70. Even an impoverished person must give charity, and if he does, he will not see further poverty.

SECOND BOOK:

1. Through sexual immorality one falls into imprisonment or diseases causing pain in the feet. Also a student who has not reached the level of moral rebuke, and rebukes nevertheless, suffers these punishments, and evil forces dominate him. Giving charity has the power to annul all of these.

2. The Torah, giving tithes, and the Shabbat give material blessings as well as spiritual ones.

3. Through charity, one subdues one's enemies with minimal efforts, and G-d saves him from the immense efforts of his enemies.

4. By giving aid to Torah scholars, one annuls the fate allotted according to the stars and the zodiacal signs.

5. Through those who support the poor, the masses are saved from plagues in their merit. Also in their merit, higher consciousness precedes low-level consciousness.

6. Through charity, one sweetens the judgment of the Time to Come, that is, the Day of Judgment in the Time to Come.

7. Those doers of kindness, who sometimes cause evil results through their kindness, and then pretend they do not see the evil they caused -- this is the aspect of the warning to the Cohanim (the Priests,who are the aspect of kindness), that they should not take overly large steps. Through this failing, one causes the Judgment Above to be unrestrained. On the contrary, when one is careful in the doing of kindness, that evil should not result, through this the Judgment remains balanced.

8. Those who learn novel Torah teachings should learn halachic law before and after, and this learning guards the novel teachings, keeping them out of the reach of strangers. Also, when one wants to give charity, one should follow the same advice given here for learning novel teachings.

9. Novel Torah teachings and charity -- each one spurs on the other.

10. Great is the power of the tithes, that they transform curses to blessings.

11. Through tithes, illicit sexual thoughts are annulled.

12. One who does kindness does not need ancestral merit.

13. Through doing kindness, one gains length of years.

14. There are prayers that are not accepted Above until one gives a certain amount of charity, according to the number of letters in the prayer related to the problem about which one is praying. For example, when one prays the words, "Give me children", one must give charity according to the number of letters in that phrase.

15. Through charity, one merits to children.

16. One who sustains the many extends blessing from the land of Israel to the rest of the world.

17. Through the money one gives to the poor of the Land of Israel, one merits to retain his wealth.

18. When a man comes to a city to live, he should send meat to the poor of the city, and through this he will find favor with the officials of the city.

19. Through the giving of coins, one is saved from the evil inclination.

Note: Sefer Hamedot - Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

BRIBERY: Sefer Hamedot

BRIBERY:

1. A city in which bribes are accepted, armies converge upon it.

2. Through bribery, one's greatness departs.

3. Through bribery come fires.

Note: Sefer Hamedot - Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

BRAZENNESS: Sefer Hamedot

BRAZENNESS:

1. One who is brazen, it is certain that he transgressed in order to anger.

2. Brazenness comes through anger.

3. Through brazenness, one will not accept moral chastisement.

4. Through brazenness, one becomes (transl), and it is also certain that he still has not repaired the sins of his forefathers.

5. One who is brazen, his repair is to don tefillin (phylacteries) that had been on the head of a tzaddik.

6. When an evildoer acts brazenly before an upright man, this is only so that the upright one will examine his deeds.

7. One who is brazen, it is certain that he is not satisfied with what he has.

8. The Torah is a repair for brazenness.

9. Through brazenness, the rains are withheld. Also, it is certain that a brazen person has stumbled in a sin, and in the end he will stumble in more sin. It is permitted to call him "wicked", and to hate him, and it is certain that he is from one of the 974 generations that preceded the Creation.

(Note: This is according to a Midrash (Rabbinic legend), claiming there was an earlier Creation which preceded the one described in the Torah.)

10. Arrogance, even against Heaven, is effective, but it is considered kingship without a crown (without legitimacy).


SECOND BOOK:

1. When it happens that the world responds arrogantly against a Torah sage, it is certain that great wars will be aroused against the nation that responded so.

2. Headaches come upon one who responds arrogantly against the seed of King David.


Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

BOOK: Sefer Hamedot

BOOK:

SECOND BOOK:

1. Someone who has the potential to write some book, and does not, it is considered as if he had lost his children.

2. A writer must weigh the words of his book on the scales, to see if there is in them enough to justify the book. For the essential aspect of the book is only the words which have a direct connection to souls, as expressed in the verse, "This is the book of the generations of man (Bereshit 5:1)." And if there is only a small amount of such words, then there is not enough to justify the book.

3. Those with depth of understanding can distinguish, when they see novel Torah teachings in a book, whether the author conceived of them himself, or whether they were already existing beforehand, and because there had not been within them enough to comprise a book, they had remained hidden until this author came. But in truth, he did not labor for those teachings, and they came to him with ease, for someone else had already strained to conceive and reveal them.

4. When some new Torah book is printed, the crying through which the book was created -- in the aspect of "I anointed my (check) with tears", this crying rises up against the decrees of the nations, that they should not overpower us. Also, the main power of their government is only drawn from the crying of Asav. A hint for this from scripture: "And the number of the children of Israel was as the sand by the sea." (The initials of the words of this passage spell "crying" in Hebrew.)

5. One who avoids looking upon women merits that his descendants will author commentaries on the Torah.

6. When holy books by tzaddikim are concealed, lost and forgotten from the world, as with several books by ancient Torah sages which were lost and forgotten, this is in fact beneficial. For through this, many books of heretics and blasphemers are lost, uprooted and erased. Also through this is annulled the jealousy and hatred between an upright couple, who live in holiness.

7. Through a significant book that comes into the world, barren women conceive. A hint for this: "This is the book of the generations of man."

Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

BLESSING: Sefer Hamedot

BLESSING:

SECOND BOOK:

1. The one who is blessed should give the one who blessed him a gift.

2. The blessing of a non-Jew should not be insignificant in your eyes.

3. One who brings those who are far to the service of the Blessed L-rd, he is entrusted with the power to grant blessing.

Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

BEVERAGES: Sefer Hamedot

BEVERAGES:

1. Through theft, drinks become contaminated.

2. The above comes about also through arrogance.

Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

AVOIDING THE WICKED: Sefer Hamedot

AVOIDING THE WICKED:

1. When a tzaddik comes to the house of a wicked person, the house is blessed, but this is only when the house is fit to receive a blessing.

2. Avoid the wicked, so that you will not be caught up in their punishment.

3. Due to enmity, one may come to display friendliness to the wicked.

4. Sometimes, when one does a favor for a complete evildoer, it gives satisfaction to G-d.

5. It is forbidden to praise (evildoers). However, in a case in which praising them will also result in praise for a tzaddik, it is permitted to praise them to a small degree.

6. One who judges a wicked one favorably is also called wicked.

7. Even when an evildoer does some act according to the religious law, we do not depend on him.

8. One who testifies in support of an evildoer, falls into sexual lust, and also becomes weak.

9. An evildoer who has forgotten G-d completely, it is certain that no upright descendants will issue from him.

10. When the enemies of G-d fall into your hands, do not have mercy on them.

11. If you do not become attached to those who are clearly liars, you will merit discerning who are hypocrites.

12. One who hates the seducers, their words will certainly have no influence over him.

13. Through learning the Torah, distance is created between the wicked who are drawing close (check transl).

14. One who keeps his distance from the wicked, G-d grants him salvation.

15. The dispersion of the wicked from each other is a sign of salvation.

16. Avoid living in a house in which an evildoer lived.

17. Do not speak to seducers, even to chastise them or bring them to repent.

18. Associating with the wicked is damaging to the service of G-d.

19. It is fitting and appropriate for the holy servants of G-d, to make a shielding screen, to the point that every afflicting and evil person will flee from it.


SECOND BOOK:

1. One who does not understand the wickedness of hypocritical evildoers is abhorrent (to G-d).

2. Hypocrites cause pain in the eyes to the masses who err by following them.

3. A man needs to guard himself from kissing evildoers, for through the kiss is created a bond between them even after death.

4. There are those who are great apostates and heretics, but they do not reveal their heresy, and people are not aware of the need to guard themselves from them. However, through conducting oneself modestly, a person is saved from these heretics.

5. The wicked do not confuse us in our holy service through their sins, as they do through the good deeds they do. It is for this reason that a non-Jew who observes the Shabbat is liable to the death penalty.


Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

ARROGANCE: Sefer Hamedot

ARROGANCE:

1. The Mashiach will not come until all the arrogance is driven from the world.

2. Through arrogance, one may come to homosexual encounters and anger. Also, sometimes a woman cannot conceive because she overly adorns herself, and is arrogant.

Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

ANGER: Sefer Hamedot

ANGER:

1. One who guards himself from anger, his enemies cannot dominate him.

2. Also, he will dwell in his own house, and others will not take his place.

3. Through anger, one is humiliated.

4. Do not lose your temper and you will not sin.

5. One who becomes angry -- his wisdom and prophetic ability leave him. Even if in Heaven greatness is decreed for him, he is brought down from his greatness.

6. The Holy One Blessed be He loves one who does not become angry, and one who is not exacting in recompensation.

7. A hot-tempered person's life is not worth living.

8. Also, all sorts of hell afflict him.

9. And constrictions dominate him.

10. The Divine Presence is not important to him.

11. He forgets his learning.

12. And indulges in foolishness.

13. And it is certain that his sins outweigh his merits.

14. Anger after eating is very damaging.

15. The anger of a woman destroys the house.

16. Through anger one's flesh is (check trans)

17. To avoid anger, it is conducive to eat breakfast with bread.

18. One who does not complain about people will be esteemed in their eyes.

19. Through falsehood comes anger.

20. One with a bad temper, should make a pledge and pay it instantly. Through this he will annul the anger.

21. One who gazes at the face of a liar comes to anger.

22. Through jealousy one comes to anger.

23. Through anger one draws harsh judgments upon oneself.

24. Through anger one sires foolish children.

25. Through anger, one's lifespan is shortened.

26. Casting down the haughty is conducive to dispelling one's anger.

27. When a person is free of anger, he is able with his gaze to subdue the arrogant.

28. One who has a bad temper, it is certain that he loves honor, and even all the commandments he observes, he does it only for honor.

29. One who becomes angered with an honorable pauper, it is as if he angered G-d.

30. Also, he becomes mute.

31. And leprous.

32. One who breaks the attribute of anger merits a good name.

33. Sometimes anger comes through bearing a heavy burden.

34. Through anger comes depression.

35. Anger comes through private discussion with G-d not carried out appropriately.

36. Through being overly exacting, there is no peace.

37. Through eating, anger is banished.

38. Guard yourself from anger on a day in which you experienced a salvation.

39. Through giving charity, anger is annulled.

40. Through anger, a woman has difficulty in childbirth.

41. One's anger frightens him.

42. Anger is damaging to one's eyesight.


Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

ANCESTRAL MERIT: Sefer Hamedot

ANCESTRAL MERIT:

1. Through immersing in a ritual bath, one's ancestral merit is remembered.


SECOND BOOK:

1. Through the wondrous and the gifted of the generation, awe is engendered, and through the awe, ancestral merit is kindled, and through the kindling of this merit, repentance is aroused in the world.

2. One can recognize in the entrance to a man's house, if his ancestral merit has left him, or if it still stands by him.

3. One who does acts of kindness does not need ancestral merit.

Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

ADVICE: Sefer Hamedot

ADVICE:

1. Ask advice only from one who knows secrets of the Torah.

2. It is good to ask advice from the elderly.

3. One who gives advice to his fellow that is not appropriate to him, thoughts of idol worship beset him.

4. One who is accustomed to thinking bad thoughts, do not accept advice from him.

5. Through accepting advice from one's Rabbi, one merits to salvation.

6. When you see that your friends are not helping you, it is a sign that no advice will help you.

7. When you help the Jewish People, advice can help you.

8. Advice is more effective in the fields.

9. One who follows the advice of his wife falls into Hell.

10. Ask advice only from a man, and not from a woman.


Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

ABSTINENCE - Sefer Hamedot

ABSTINENCE:

SECOND BOOK:

1. One who conducts himself with abstinence and afterwards retreats from it, through this he falls into lusts stronger than those he had to begin with.

2. Abstinence brings one to satiety.

3. Abstinence from sexual relations is reckoned as a fast.

4. The sickness of coughing up blood comes due to annulling sexual relations on the night of one's wife's ritual immersion.



Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

OPENING NOTE - Sefer Hamedot

OPENING NOTE
(from Rabbi Natan):

There was a follower of Rabbi Nachman, Rabbi Dov Chailis, who gave up a respected Rabbinic post in order to give himself entirely to the path of Breslov. He came to live near Rabbi Nachman, and merited to come before him daily. He would relate stories and Torah teachings from ancient books, and Rabbi Nachman would occasionally lift up his hand and declare that a particular teaching truly emanated from divine prophecy.

One time, Rabbi Dov told Rabbeinu a story about a certain head of a yeshiva who married his daughter to one of the students, who was a superlative scholar. He studied day and night, and spent his nights in the study hall. A Torah teacher from Heaven began to come to him, and would study with him the whole night. However, this Teacher was from the Other Side, not from a holy source (for apparently the student had stumbled in some sin, through which the Other Side gained power over him). The student did not tell anyone about this, and was not aware that the Teacher was from the Other Side.

One time, the Teacher began to tempt the student to have relations with his wife during her period of impurity. He proved to him that it was the will of Heaven, and that through this, his wife would conceive the soul of the Mashiach. The student believed him, and began to speak to his wife to convince her of this. He told her of the Teacher that had come to him from the heavens and commanded this, for it was the will of Heaven. However, his wife had a great fear of Heaven, and said she would ask her father first, and did so. Her father was very shocked by this, for he perceived that the Teacher was from the Other Side.

He immediately summoned his son-in-law, and said, "Know that this Teacher is from the Other Side. The sign is, that with a Teacher from the Side of Holiness, the whole alphabet is written on his forehead, and the letters of the four-letter Name of G-d are illuminated. However, with a Teacher from the Other Side, the alphabet is also inscribed, but the letters of the Name are not illuminated. So when the Teacher comes to you, if you see that the letters of the Name on his forehead are darkened, you will know that he is from the Other Side, and beware of him."

That night, the Teacher came to him, and when the student saw that the letters of the Name on his forehead were not illuminated, he knew that he was from the Other Side, and was saved from him.

When Rabbi Nachman heard this story, he was very excited, and said to Rabbi Dov, "But with me, thank G-d, all the letters of the alphabet are illuminated!" Then he immediately commanded his followers to print his alphabetical Book of Traits.


Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

SECOND INTRODUCTION - Sefer Hamedot

SECOND INTRODUCTION
(As I heard directly from him):

Know that every individual trait includes several characteristics and issues, and each trait has its own complete structure. Thus, if a person is missing some aspect of a trait, even though he possesses the whole trait in completeness, because of the one missing element, the entire trait appears deficient. Just as when a person is lacking in one limb, the whole body is thrown off balance, and feels the lack throughout the body. Similarly, when a person is lacking in one aspect of a trait, it seems to him that the entire trait is missing.

Now the traits are neighbors to each other. Thus, one trait can support another that is close to the first. As the Rabbis said, "One limb supports another." Therefore, when a person wants to go in the way of holiness, he must break all the negative traits and merit to the positive ones, and he must search within at all times, to examine whether each of his traits is complete. And when he finds one that is not, he should look for help and support from the neighboring trait.

This concept is expressed in some of the traits within the book. For example, when a person is lacking humility, and there is another trait that is supportive of humility, for example, trust -- the person should use trust to come to humility. That is to say, sometimes trust is easier to achieve than humility. Then, the person should do what is easier first, and through that he will come to the trait that is harder for him. Or sometimes, a person has a trait that he does not make use of, and when he needs to draw upon this trait to support another one, he has to start using it. Returning to the example of trust and humility: When one wants to achieve humility, and sees that trust is supportive of it. And in truth he has trust, he simply does not make use of it. Now, when he wants to merit humility, he must start using his trait of trust, and so with all the other traits.


Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.

FIRST INTRODUCTION - Sefer Hamedot

FIRST INTRODUCTION:

In this book are included all the human traits, arranged according to the alphabet. It is divided into two sections: We have named them the "Old Alphabet" and the "New Alphabet". The first section is composed of outstanding sayings that Rabbi Nachman gathered in his youth -- all that his penetrating wisdom was able to deduce, one thing from another. And all that he found in the holy books pertaining to morals and upright behavior and attributes. All of it, he recorded for memory's sake. Both what he found already written by the Rabbis -- the praise of a good quality or the condemning of a bad one, he gathered it all and arranged it alphabetically, in order to have a record he could review, to see the worth of the good qualities and their opposites. In order to go in the way of the just and preserve the path of the righteous. In addition to this, his lofty intellect grasped many precious and awesome things that had not before been said by the Rabbis. And with his very powerful understanding, he drew one thing from another, and reached precious novelties in the matter of attributes, drawing from scriptural verses and the words of the Rabbis, wherein they hinted at teachings without explaining them explicitly.

He gathered all of this material together according to the alphabet, and in time it became a full compilation detailing all the human attributes. He ordered us to copy it all, and I took it upon myself to copy the book in full, in order that it should not be lost, and that we should study it always, in order to become free of negative attributes. For each person, upon seeing detailed the great shame of bad qualities, and the significant loss and terrible blemishes caused by them, will have pity on his soul, and strengthen himself to overcome them, and ask the Master of Mercy to save his soul from the pit, to save him from these bad qualities and desires, and so the opposite with good qualities.

Also, one with sharp intelligence will find helpful advice on how to be protected from one attribute through guarding himself from another related to it. For they are as neighbors, and each one guards its mate, as is explained in the introduction which I heard from him directly. And the greatness of this book does not need to be explained to a master of truth, who desires truth and longs to cling to upright ways. He will certainly find in it relief for his soul. Happy is the one who holds to it, he will have good in this world and the next. For the book is entirely based on verses and the words of the rabbis, may their memory be for blessing. The book is easy to understand and upright for those with understanding.

The second part is similar to the first, following the same form. There is not a marked difference between them, for both of them describe the good qualities and condemn the bad ones. Nevertheless, there is this distinguishing factor: The sources brought in the first book, pertaining to each attribute, are taken either from points discussed explicitly in earlier Rabbinic literature, or at least hinted at therein. The intelligent reader who wants to study in greater depth, will be able to discern from where Rabbi Nachman drew the subject at hand, from which scriptural verse or saying of the Rabbis. For all the sources in the first book are given, and it is not beyond the reader's capacity to grasp and understand from where each idea was taken (in this edition, the source-references were not included, but they can be found in Hebrew editions). True, that without the help of Rabbi Nachman, it would not have occurred to the reader to draw out these ideas from those sources. However, after his having opened our eyes, the enlightened reader who is well-versed in the scriptures, the Aggadot, and the other Rabbinic commentaries will be able to come to the relevant sources.

In contrast to this, the issues discussed in the second book are the lofty conceptions that Rabbi Nachman grasped on his own, in the days of his greatness. All of them are beyond human comprehension and hidden from the eyes of all. For each idea has an awesome and wonderful basis, drawn from a scriptural passage or words of the Rabbis, through an ingenious hint, in the wondrous style of Rabbi Nachman. For there are a considerable amount of points presented here without any elaboration or proof, and in his primary compendium of teachings (referring to Likutey Moharan), the matters are explained brilliantly, in great detail. Further, one can learn about what is hidden from what is revealed. For even in a place where he did not provide the basis for a point he brought, be assured that he had a complete understanding of the matter, only that he chose not to reveal it for reasons known only to him.

It is our intention to awaken the hearts of our readers, and to inform them of the essence of this book and its aims. Rabbi Nachman, may his memory be for blessing, warned us to study this book to the point that its words would not cease from our mouths, for it is our life. He had it published in a small volume, and said his intention in this was that each one would take it with him wherever he went. For the Traits are the foundation of the whole Torah. Through this, a youth will gain merit. By guarding all the words in this book, he will have success and gain wisdom. For this is the main work of Man: To flee from evil attributes and desires, and to cling to good attributes and behaviors, as are detailed in this book.

Happy is the one who listens to these words, to fulfill all that is written herein. He will find eternal life, and his righteousness will answer for him in the time to come, when he comes to receive his reward. According to the standards a man demands of himself, so he is granted from above. Happy is the one who chooses life - G-d will reward his deeds. If he chooses instead to join with scoffers, he will not succeed and his strength will not endure, woe to him. According to his deeds, so will be done to him. It is best for a G-d-fearing one to stay far from him. How great is the reward that waits for him, his joy will be without blemish. The soul that labors for G-d draws blessing to him. We should plead with G-d that our portion should be with Him, to take refuge in His shadow, and none that trust in Him will be forsaken. No one can conceive the extent of the good that will be granted to them.

These are the words of the transcriber, bowed and deflated by the passing of our glorious leader, the greatness of our might, beloved of our eyes --- What words could express? The Holy One should console us soon:

The lowly Natan, the son of our teacher, Rabbi Naftali Hertz of Nemirov, may his light shine. The brother-in-law of the famous and awesome tzaddik, Rabbi David Tzvi, may his memory be for blessing, the judge of the community of Mahalov.

In fact, this holy book had already been published once, and ( ), and there is not even one copy remaining, for there are many who desired such a book, including all the human traits in a compact format, as well as many other matters and much advice to reach straight paths in serving G-d. There is no difficulty in the world that this book does not address, as the reader will see with his own eyes, and it is all founded on verses from the Tanach and the words of the Rabbis, may their memory be for blessing, drawn from the Gemarrah, the Midrash, the Zohar and the other holy books. Thus we decided to print the book anew, with several emendations and new and wondrous additions.

It should be made clear that I transcribed this book word for word from his holy mouth. For he had all these things and more besides written down on small pages, possibly even double the amount. But because he did not desire to reveal all of this information to the world, he did not want to hand over the material to me in written form, exerting himself instead to dictate the material to me verbally, word for word. And I heard from him directly, that the chapter on healing alone had numerous entries, approximately two hundred, but he did not want to reveal them to the world.

I also heard directly from him, a long time before he delivered the material of this Alphabet Book to me, that he had material amassed on all the human traits, and that is the material of this book, and at that point, he told me he had found all the healings in the world (encoded) in the divisions of the Land of Israel described in the book of Yehoshua. For the names of all the cities along the dividing lines of the country are combinations of all the healing remedies in the world, according to their names in all the languages. For the Land of Israel is parallel to the human body. That is to say, one region corresponds to the head, and another region corresponds to the right hand, and so on for the twelve borders that were divided according to the twelve tribes, all of which correspond to the human body, as is discussed in the holy books. Furthermore he said, that alongside the mention of the borders of each region, are hinted all the remedies relevant to the body part corresponding to each border.

I heard all of this directly from him, and I understood from his holy words that he attained all these understandings in his childhood. But we only merited receiving what is written in this book, which he perceived and weighed with his holy intelligence would be permissible to reveal to the world. That is the material that is presented here, and what was necessary to hide from the world, he had burned (as is described elsewhere).

Now, Rabbi Nachman had all the sources for this book written down. But when he dictated his words to me, he revealed only the main text, but not the sources from which they were taken. But from the holy words he did say, I understood that any man can find sources for them, and determine from which scriptural passage or which saying of the Rabbis they were derived. Some of them are in fact expanded upon expressly in the writings of the Rabbis, as the reader will see for himself. Several people have already done much research in revealing the sources from which the material in the book was taken.

Now, as we prepared ourselves to print this second edition, I had thought not to include any of the sources for several reasons. However, afterwards I reconsidered, for ( ) and everything that is in one's power to do, so he should do. Therefore I decided to print several sources for parts of the work, that I or my peers had already found, either in the written or the oral Torah, or from the little that I heard from him directly, as will be brought in its place. It should be understood that this material is in very abbreviated form, and in truth he revealed lengthy and wondrously detailed teachings on these matters, as was his awesome custom.

One who looks with an eye of truth will see that even in the cases where we found sources, they are only superficial connections. But the depth of the matter, and how he reached it is hidden from our understanding. For all his teachings are the words of the living G-d, which he grasped and brought down for us. And the sources are only rudimentary connections, for there is no teaching which does not have a basis in scripture. Thus, if he had not withdrawn the thick veil spread over our eyes and revealed these comprehensions, we would never have been able to come to them on our own, simply from those scriptural passages and words of the Rabbis. Only one who merits purifying himself unconditionally can merit achieving understandings such as these.

I also revised the format for these holy teachings. For I had not been involved in the first printing of the book. In that edition, the two volumes were printed separately. I did not choose this approach. For although it is true that the two works are separate, even so, they should not be disconnected from each other. For since both of them are equally valid, and both deal with the essence of the attributes, their loftiness or lowliness, it is certainly logical to present all the material relating to an attribute together. Even though the comprehensions of the second book far surpassed that of the first, even so, their innermost meaning is one. So, with each attribute, he told us all the advantages that follow from holding to it, and all the losses caused by neglecting it. And what path to tread in order to reach it. Even though the teachings differ as to what level of greatness they reach. Nevertheless, all of them return to one point of origin, so that we may all merit to the Truth.

Thus, I decided to arrange everything in order, so that everything would be arranged simply in one alphabetical system. However, I divided between the material of the first and second books, and I printed the material of the second book in a different print, in order that the reader should be able to distinguish between them. For I already heard from Rabbi Nachman directly, that the work of the second book far surpassed that of the first. Therefore, I separated them, in order that the reader should distinguish between them and know.

The good L-rd should lead us in the straight and true path, so that we may merit to learn and teach, observe, do and fulfill all the words written here, and to understand and comprehend all the paths of advice clarified for each trait. Thus may we have success in our way, and become enlightened.

It should also be noted that several statements in the book are repeated more than once. For Rabbi Nachman ordered us to arrange all the material according to the trait relevant to it. And he also commanded explicitly, that any statement relevant to several traits should be printed several times under each of the traits. Thus we did. For his intention was to lighten the burden on the reader, that if he would want to know some property concerning a trait, he would be able to find it easily, from any angle he happened to approach it. Thus the teachings are repeated in several places. The Blessed L-rd should lead us in the true path. Just as we merited arranging these teachings, thus may we merit to fulfill them. Until all Israel will return to their dwellings as a dove to its nest, speedily in our days, Amen may it be His will.


Note: Sefer Hamedot- Book of Traits was posted on NaNach.net with the permission of the translator Dovid Nanach. He has already given printing rights to Keren Rebbe Yisroel Ber Odeser. Content is for personal use only. If you wish to reprint or distribute this translation, we can not give you permission. For that you must contact the above parties.